RADIOTHERAPY – BRACHYTHERAPY

Brachytherapy is a technique of external beam radiotherapy. Currently, two types of this therapy are used:

- HDR brachytherapy ("high dose rate", using radioactive isotopes of high dose radiation power), in which a radioactive isotope is delivered into the prostate for a short time.

- brachytherapy with permanent radioactive implant insertion (LDR) into a tumour in the prostate.

The first type of this therapy is available in Polish medical centres. The procedure is performed in an operating theatre and takes from 1.5 to 3 hours. During the procedure, the patient is under subdural or general anaesthesia. During the procedure the patient lies on his back and has a catheter inserted. A transrectal ultrasound scan is performed before the procedure to evaluate the size and the size of the gland. A stabilising plate is placed on a perineum skin to immobilise applicators (needles) with a radiation source, for their correct implanting. After one day at a hospital, the patient can return home.

Delayed complications rate after brachytherapy:

  • complications from the genitourinary system affect 4.3% of patients;
  • gastrointestinal complications affect 1.7% of patients;
  • urethral stricture - 3.4% of patients
  • urinary incontinence - 0.8% of patients
  • problems with urination - 0.8% of men
  • rectal bleeding - 1.7% of patients.

See also

Radical nephrectomy

Radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy (NSS - nephron sparing surgery), and nephroureterectomy are surgical procedures performed on patients diagnosed with a tumour in the kidney, renal pelvis or ureter.

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HIFU method – prostate cancer treatment

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound – innovative, minimally invasive method of prostate cancer treatment...

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TREATMENT WITH RADIOPHARMACEUTICAL XOFIGO®

The aim of the therapy is to destroy cancer cells surrounding bones without damaging bone marrow.

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